The Alabama Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race open to three-year-old fillies. Inaugurated in 1872, the Grade I race is run over a distance of one and one-quarter miles on the dirt track at Saratoga Race Course. Held in mid August, it currently offers a purse of $500,000. In 2010 it became the third leg of the American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, after the Acorn Stakes and Coaching Club American Oaks.
The Alabama Stakes is named in honor of William Cottrell of Mobile, Alabama. "Alabama" was the name settled on because Cottrell was too modest to have a race named for him personally. The race was not run from 1893 to 1896 and 1898 to 1900. Due to the New York State ban on parimutuel betting there was no racing in the state in 1911 and 1912. During World War II, from 1943 through 1945 the Alabama Stakes was run at Belmont Park.
The race has been contested at various distances - 1 mile and 1 furlong from 1872-1901, 1904, 1906-1916, 1-1/16 miles from 1901, 1902, and on the turf in 1903, 1-5/16 miles from 1905 1-1/4 miles from 1917 to present.